Employment Tribunal Costs: Tips and Strategies for Employers

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Employment tribunal costs in the UK entirely depend on legal representation and other associated expenses. These costs can vary depending on the case’s complexity, length, and evidence required.

An employment tribunal is a legal body in the United Kingdom that handles disputes between employers and employees regarding employment issues. 

The tribunal is responsible for hearing and deciding on claims brought forward by both parties and providing a fair resolution for resolving employment disputes based on the presented evidence.

This article aims to help companies understand the costs associated with employment tribunals. 

The article divides into five parts, each presenting information on a particular perspective of the tribunal expenses that employers may bear financially as well as in other areas. Moreover, it suggests ways to minimize these costs.

5 Types of Employment Tribunal Costs

Employment tribunals incur costs related to various aspects of employment.

The biggest cost associated with the tribunal is the legal fees. Employers must hire legal representation before the tribunal and prepare for the case by gathering facts and evidence to support their claims.

The costs of writing personal and witness statements, going through the evidence and getting ready for the hearing all fall under this category, i.e., legal costs.

These legal representatives charge very high hourly rates for their services.

The complexity of the case and the amount of effort put into it determine how much the employer will have to pay in legal costs. Legal costs can sometimes reach tens of thousands of pounds; in more difficult circumstances, they might exceed hundreds of thousands of pounds.

To minimise legal expenses, employers ought to acquire legal representation earlier on. They should also focus on developing smart workplace policies to reduce the chances of disputes.

Also, employers need to ensure they have the right insurance to cover some of their expenses, for example, hiring insurance coverage.

Employers should also be aware that even if they come out successful in defending the claim, this does not mean that they would have to pay a reduced amount. “This is because the legal firm is not associated with the tribunal in any way and the client must fully pay for their hard work.” Compensations are to be provided by the tribunal.

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2. Compensation Payments

“Employment tribunals have another type of cost associated with them, which is compensation payments.” Compensation payments refer to when the employees are successful in their claim, and the tribunalorders the employers to pay compensation to the employees. These compensations can include:

  • Payment for when the employee wins the case on the grounds of unfair dismissal claims.
  • Payment for unfair dismissal claims and some discrimination claims.
  • Payment for unpaid wages, holiday pay, and redundancy pay.

This payment is made considering the facts of the case and the type of claim made. Compensation payments vary according to the given situation. These sums could be as little as a couple of hundred pounds, while some could be as large as tens of thousands.

Furthermore, even if the employer successfully defends a claim, they are still required to pay for all the legal costs involved in the process. These expenses can include fees for finding pieces of evidence and proofs, fees associated with witnesses, and other expenses included in the tribunal process.

In order to minimise these compensation payments, employers should make sure that they follow all employment rules and regulations and have clear policies and processes in place to prevent discrimination, unfair treatment, and other unlawful actions.

To prevent disputes from developing into claims, employers should also make efforts to respond to employee complaints and concerns as soon as they arise.

3. Time and Resources

Employment tribunals are costly in terms of time and resources for both the defendants and the claimants. Preparation and attending the tribunals take up a significant amount of time and effort for the company, which can interfere with its normal productivity.

In addition to the officials involved in the tribunal process, the top managers and workers may also have to spend time producing evidence and attending the hearings, which can impede their productivity and, in turn, the productivity of the company.

To minimise the impact of employment tribunals on their organisation, companies need to ensure that they have clear rules and processes for managing disputes and addressing employee complaints. 

This can assist in preventing arguments from developing and can also provide a platform for resolving issues quickly and efficiently. 

Employers can also seek legal guidance from their lawyers or attorneys on how to keep the situation from escalating beforehand to help identify and handle possible concerns as soon as possible before they grow into big problems.

4. Reputational Damage

Employment tribunals can have a serious impact on the public image of the company and its business. 

The risk exists even if the company successfully defends the lawsuit because of the fact that they were involved in operations that led to legal circumstances. This also damages the confidence and trust of employees in the company.

Once an employer is found to have behaved illegally, the damage to the business’ image is greater. 

Negative publicity and social media coverage result in a damaging influence on the company’s brand and image. These damages are not easy to restore either.

To reduce the impact of employment tribunals on the company’s image, employers need to make some efforts:

  • Employers should ensure that they have clear policies for dealing with and avoiding conflicts from arising.
  • In their interactions with employees and the general public, employers should be open and truthful, and they should take smart and quick actions to address any issues that may arise.
  • Employers should consult with their legal representatives regularly and ask for measures that can be taken to minimise the negative publicity of the business.

By adopting these measures, companies can minimise the possible impact of employment tribunals on their company’s name.

5. Stress and Morale

Employment tribunals may also have a major impact on worker stress and morale. 

People involved in tribunals, whether making a claim or defending it, can experience stress and fear, particularly if they are facing legal matters for the first time. This can have a negative impact on their mental health and well-being.

“Teams should not ignore the effect of a tribunal on their morale.”

If current employees of the company perceive that the company did not prioritize the concerns of their former employees, which may lead to legal consequences, it can demotivate them.This can make the current employees lose trust in the company.

“Employers can utilise several methods to minimise the psychological effects caused by stress.”

  • Employers must demonstrate to their staff that they take their concerns seriously and have the intention to improve the system to make it more convenient for them. This will help minimise the effect of employment tribunals on work stress and morale.
  • “Companies must ensure that they have appropriate systems in place to support employees who may be impacted by the tribunal process, such as providing free counseling or worker compensation.”

Employers may reduce the negative mental impact on their staff and promote a healthy workplace culture by adopting such strategies to control the impact of employment tribunals on employee stress and morale.

Appeals Rights  

If either the employer or employee is dissatisfied with the decision made by the tribunal, they have the right to appeal.

If the employer or employee is unhappy with the outcome of the tribunal, they have the right to appeal.

An appeal is a request to the court by the group that lost the case for reconsideration of the case’s decision by going over the facts and pieces of evidence again. 

There are some details that employers need to keep in mind when applying for an appeal:

  • Employers should evaluate before filing for an appeal whether it is a good idea as the costs to file for the appeal are extremely high, and there is no guarantee that it would be successful or not.

This is possible by seeking legal advice from their attorneys and lawyers and predicting whether there is a high chance for reconsideration of the decision or not before deciding to appeal.

  • If the employee decides to appeal, the employer may have to pay the costs of defending the appeal, including legal fees and expenses.
  • “If employers lose an appeal, they may be required to pay additional compensation or face further legal action, and they should also be aware of this.” 

Therefore, employers should carefully consider the potential risks and benefits before deciding whether to appeal a decision.

Settlements Process

One way for employers to avoid the tribunal process is by organising formal or informal settlements between themselves without the involvement of a third party. It should be kept in mind that legal representation does not count as a third party.

Settlements are a cost-effective way of resolving disputes.

A formal settlement is a legal agreement between the employer and the employee that defines the terms of the settlement for both parties.

Informal settlements are a simple way to have both parties talk out the dispute between themselves and reach a conclusion. This prevents any public disclosure and protects the reputation and dignity of both parties.

“the terms of the settlement should carefully consider to ensure that they are fair, reasonable, and legally binding.”

Do employment tribunals favour employers or employees?

Employment tribunals act independently, and they always make their decisions justly and unbiasedly. These legal bodies don’t favour employers or employees in their decisions. They make their statements by observing all the pieces of evidence presented to them.

What is the average Employment Tribunal Costs to an employer?

According to a survey conducted by the UK government, the average cost to an employer of defending an unfair dismissal claim at an employment tribunal is around £8,500. 

However, it is important to note that this is an average and that the actual costs may vary depending on the specific circumstances of the case.

Who represents at an employment tribunal or hires a legal representative?

Although it might be beneficial to get counsel, you are not required to hire an attorney to file a tribunal claim. There are organizations that might be able to assist you and offer guidance. 

Make sure to verify your insurance coverage, as it may include legal expenses. Check to see if your trade union can assist you if you are a member. 

“As mentioned above, neither party can receive reimbursement for the legal fees.” Claimants and defendants have to pay their full legal fees to their legal representation.

However, Employers can make compensatory payments to employees as per the tribunal’s final decision in the form of compensation.


In conclusion, employment tribunals can lead to high costs for businesses, including financial costs that comprise legal costs and settlement costs, as well as non-financial costs like reputational harm, management time and distraction, and employee stress and morale.

Employers should make sure that they have clear procedures and guidelines in place to prevent disputes from happening and should take quick and effective action to solve any problems or concerns raised by employees in order to limit the risks associated with employment tribunals.

Early on in the process, employers should also explore using informal conflict resolution techniques like negotiations and settlements, which may be quicker and less expensive than going to a tribunal. This can also save the company’s reputation and time.

Employers can reduce their legal danger and protect their business interests by managing the risks associated with employment tribunals effectively.

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Teresa Aldridge
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VisaHelpUK - UK Immigration and Visa Application Advice Service
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